Bohemond saw the Roman troops drawn up in array, and the royal standards and the silver-studded spears and the horses with their royal red saddle-cloths.
— Anna Comnena, The Alexiad, Cap V
The feudalisation of Byzantine governance began in the 11th century with the introduction of pronoia (Greek, "care", "forethought") or tax revenue jurisdictions. Although they allowed nobles to be invested with the duty to collect tax for the Empire in return for part of the proceeds, the actual reason for their existence was because the Emperor wanted to use it as a means of keeping potential troublemakers away from the capital, Constantinople, as far as possible. It was assumed that candidates for pronoia would be pacified with the promise of additional financial gain, thus mitigating the potential for rebellion. Unlike in Europe, pronoia did not entail military service from the investees, and many who had gotten rich from tax farming were often reluctant to do so. By the mid-13th century, new legislation eventually militarised the pronoia and even made them hereditary, effectively establishing European-style feudalism in the Byzantine Empire.
- Unique heavy cavalry unit for the Byzantines, tougher than normal Knights or Mailed Lancers.
- Hardboiled Leather - With the same hitpoints and armour as that of an Imperial-Era Man-at-Arms, the Byzantines can use these units more aggressively since their added armour and hitpoints allow them to absorb more damage
- Pronoiar Prone to Damage - Despite their apparent better defensive stats, Pronoiar are still weak against gunpowder units, heavy infantry, and heavy missile cavalry.