Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid. — Matthew 5:14
- The development of firearms and naval forces which foreshadow the emergence of modern military forces, tactics and strategy.
- Exploration and the creation of overseas colonies to feed into a nation's livelihood and defence capabilities
- The centralisation of government and the emergence of new bureaucracies in the face of the breakdown of the feudal system.
- The increase in the importance of secular learning and education.
Knowledge becomes an important source for many powers, as it is required for the creation of gunpowder units and (for those with a liberal disposition) the Brig, the fastest warship in the entire game.
- Engineering (Level 3 Construction, eventually leads to Centralisation)
- Medicine (Level 3 Healthcare)
- Quartermasters (Level 3 Supply)
Imperial Era timelineEdit
- 1415: Rise of European imperialism. Ceuta became a Portuguese colony.
- 1414–18: Council of Constance. Jan Hus is burned at the stake for heresy, unleashing the Hussite Wars.
- 1417: End of the Great Schism.
- 1430: Khanate of the Crimea seceded from the Mongol Empire.
- 1438: Khanates of Astrakhan, Kazan and Sibir seceded from the Mongol Empire.
- 1438–39: Council of Florence held to attempt to reconcile Eastern Christians with Catholics.
- 1450: Height of Songhai empire of Africa.
- 1453: Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks, whose sultan, Mehmet II, then gained the epithet "Fatih" or "conqueror". Russia was then the only bastion of the Orthodox religion.
- 1467–1477: Onin War in Japan threatened the Ashikaga shogunate.
- 1480 Ivan III, Grand Duke of Moscow, threw off Mongol allegiance.
- 1481 Death of Mehmet II "Fatih" while preparing for conquest of Italy.
- 1486 Bartlomeu Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope.
- 1492: Granada conquered by Spanish who then invaded North Africa. In that same year, Christopher Columbus summoned to Valladolid to discuss exploration of the far side of the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1498: Vasco da Gama sailed round the Cape to India.
- 1499: Birth of the Swiss Confederacy with the signing of the Peace of Basel.
- 1500: Charles V of Spain born.
- 1509: Henry VIII crowned king of England.
- 1513: Leo X elected as pope; Francis I crowned king of France.
- 1516: Portuguese active in the South China Sea and the East Indies.
- 1517: The Reformation. Martin Luther, a cleric and university professor, disputed religious validity of indulgences with Johann Tetzel, a Papal commissioner.
- 1518: Luther's 95 Theses translated from Latin to German, granting a greater spread of Protestantism throughout Europe.
- 1519: Hernan Cortéz arrived in Central America.
- 1520: Süleyman, later given the epithets "the Great"; and "the Lawgiver"; was installed as Ottoman emperor. Charles V was also elected as Holy Roman emperor.
- 1523: Reformation in Sweden. Gustav Vasa seized all church lands and asserted prerogative to elect high-ranking church officials.
- 1525: Battle of Panipat. Babur became lord of India
- 1527: Rome sacked by German troops of the Count of Bourbon.
- 1519: 1st Siege of Vienna.
- 1530: Charles V crowned Holy Roman Emperor; Henry VIII of England began his quarrels with the Papacy.
- 1539: Society of Jesus founded.
- 1542: Viceroyalty of Peru imposed by Spanish crown.
- 1545: Death of Martin Luther.
- Wallace R, & Krieger L (ed); Rise of Russia; (1967) Time and Life Books, New York
- Wells HG et al; A short history of the world (1967 rev ed); Penguin Books
- Nicolle D & McBride A; The Moors: The Islamic West 7th–15th Centuries AD; (2001), Osprey Publishing