Let your masters come and attack us: we are ready to meet them beard to beard.
— William Wallace
Although the Scottish national army had taken up pike and shot tactics, polearms and their variants proved to be popular for irregular forces and continued to be in use well until the 19th century. Despite being deceptively simple to make, a polearm was highly lethal, especially in the hands of well-trained users. Polearms combined the long reach of spears and shorter weapons, such as warhammers or swords to form a highly versatile anti-personnel weapon. Scotland as a nation was relatively poor and so was reliant on the use of peasant levies whereso required and so for this reason, the Lochaber Ax, a modification of the old Norse-style sparth axe, was popular as a melee weapon alongside other polearms in Scotland.
- Militia units, with better movement speed and hitpoints than normal peasant levy.
- Built To Kill — Clann Levy march faster and have more hitpoints, and can be individually selected, making them more useful tactics-wise.
- BBC History; Flodden Field: Scotland attacks Henry VIII's England
- The Cateran Society; Notes on the Lochaber Axe
- The Lordship of the Isles; The Army of the Lordship